Étudiante au doctorat en Criminologie, Université de Montréal
Directrice: Karine Côté-Boucher
Counterterrorism – penology – countering violent extremism – risk theory – ethnographic research in criminology.
Sujet de recherche
In the last decade, a new concept in counterterrorism policing has emerged: counter-radicalization. While the term had previously made its way in policing documents after the Madrid (2004) and London (2005) attacks, it is only when an unprecedented amount of young westerners left their countries to join, entre-autre, the terrorist organization Islamic State, that most western governments adopted counter-radicalization (CR) as a new counterterrorism (CT) strategy under the umbrella term ‘CVE’ initiatives. Thus, while traditional attempt at reducing terrorism are still very much alive, new techniques to counter what is now believed to be the ‘root’ problem of terrorism are currently being drawn out and tested by various state and non-state actors, amidst much controversy. The presentation proposed is the culmination of five years of fieldwork in the field of CVE and interviews with 20 Canadian CVE practitioners and national security law enforcement officers. It explores how these prevention strategies and practices have brought forward new, albeit untraditional, actors in the fight against terrorism. Drawing from traditional understandings of national security networks, it explores the significance of these new actors and practices to reach an overall understanding of what is CVE, what do practitioners actually do and, is it effective?
Meriem Rebbani has been actively working in the field of Crime Prevention & Counterterrorism since 2015. She was recently awarded by Women in International Security (WIIS) the 2020 Emerging Thought Leader Award. For the past six years, she has worked for the Canadian Federal Police (RCMP) and for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) as a CT & CVE specialist, and has completed several missions in the Middle East.
She holds a BA and an MA in social anthropology from Concordia University with a specialization in mass shootings, gendered violence and criminology. She is a junior affiliate of the Canadian Network for Research on Terrorism, Security & Society (TSAS), and is currently completing a PhD in criminology at the University of Montréal on the subject of Canadian CVE Efforts. She is currently a guest scholar at The Van Vollenhoven Institute for Law, Governance and Society (VVI) at Leiden University in the Netherlands.
Guest scholar at The Van Vollenhoven Institute for Law, Governance and Society (VVI) at Leiden University in the Netherlands.